Waste water during regeneration is discharged to drain.
Cabinet overflow to outside drain.
Vessel containing ion exchange resin beads.
Water passes through resin where softening takes place.
Direction of the water flow.
Salt and brine reservoir.
Brine pick up tube carries brine from the tank to the resin vessel.
How does a mooiwater water softener work?
Hard water causes harmful scale residue on heating elements, pipes and surfaces. The level of lime scale measured in tap water in the UK is usually displayed in Degrees Clarke or Parts Per Million (PPM) Anything 10 degrees Clarke or over is considered as hard water and in a lot of the country this level can be as high as 25 degrees Clarke, this means a large amount of lime scale (calcium and magnesium) is present in the water. A water softener takes this lime scale out of the water and therefore prevents lime scale forming.
The hardness minerals are attracted and become attached to the resin and are replaced in the water with sodium ‘ions’. This is a continuous process producing large volumes of softened water. The resin bed eventually becomes saturated with the hardness minerals and sodium will need to be put back into the resin. At this point an automatic regeneration takes place, during which time a small amount of dissolved salt (sodium chloride) is drawn up from within the outer cabinet of the softener and is rinsed through the resin bed. The hardness minerals are released into the brine solution while the sodium is returned to the resin. The residue of hardness minerals etc. is then washed away to drain. A final rinsing cycle then removes all traces of salt before the softener returns to its normal service mode.
All Mooiwater units automatically regenerate as programed, all you need to do is add salt when required.
Contrary to popular belief at no time is salt ever added directly to the water supply. Modern resins are extremely durable and will regenerate effectively for many years. Although resin technology has been considerably refined in recent years the basics have changed surprisingly little since the concept was introduced in 1905. Even against the new other forms or water conditioning ‘ion exchange’ is still considered to be the most effective, consistent and reliable method of softening water and more than justifies its cost.